Bio Coal Briquetting is the process of converting agricultural waste into high density and energy concentrated fuel briquettes. Bio Coal Briquetting plant are of various sizes which converts agricultural waste into solid fuels. Briquettes are ready substitute of Coal/wood in industrial boiler and brick kiln for thermal application.

Bio Coal briquettes are Non conventional Source of energy, Renewable in nature, Eco friendly, non polluting and economical. Process of converting agricultural waste to solid fuel is also non polluting. It has not required to add any binder / chemicals so it is 100 % natural.

Every year millions of tons of agricultural waste are generated. These are either not used or burnt inefficiently in their loose form causing air pollution. Handling and transportation of these materials is difficult due to their low bulk density. These wastes can provide a renewable source of energy by converting into high-density fuel briquettes without addition of any binder.

Briquettes have high specific density (1200 Kg/m3) and bulk density (800 Kg/m3) compared to just 60 to 180 Kg/m3 of loose Bio Coal. These can stand the ardors of long distance transport. Loading/unloading and transportation costs are much less and storage requirement is drastically reduced. Compared to fire wood or loose Bio Coal, briquettes give much higher boiler efficiency because of low moisture and higher density.

Briquettes produced from briquetting of Bio Coal are fairly good substitute for coal, lignite, firewood and offer numerous advantages:

  Bio Coal Briquettes are cheaper than coal.
  Oil, coal or lignite, once used, cannot be replaced.
  High sulfur content of oil and coal, when burnt, pollutes the environment.
  There is no sulfur in Briquettes.
  Bio Coal briquettes have a higher practical thermal value and much lower ash content (2-10% as compared to 20-40% in coal).
  There is no fly ash when burning Bio Coal Briquettes.
  Bio Coal Briquettes have consistent quality, have high burning efficiency, and are ideally sized for complete combustion.
  Combustion is more uniform compared to coal and boiler response to changes in steam requirements is faster due to higher quantity of volatile matter in Bio Coal Briquettes.
  Bio Coal Briquettes are usually produced near the consumption centers and supplies do not depend on erratic transport from long distances.

Bio Coal briquettes have a higher practical thermal value and much lower ash content (2-10% as compared to 20-40% in coal). Bio Coal are made from agricultural and forest waste residues, which can be effectively used to replace coal and firewood by conversion of agricultural and forest waste into solid cylindrical form, by applying heavy mechanical pressure known as Briquetting. Due to existence of solid form lignin in the agro waste which acts as a natural binder there is no need to add chemicals or any other foreign substance to the process. Therefore, it came to be known as Binderless Technology. Briquettes, are easy to store, pack and hygienic to handle.
There is a worldwide acceptance of briquettes/white coal and growing demand for the briquetting plants. Most advanced countries today are adapting the concepts of preserving and also retaining their natural resources. Energy is the key factor in economic development in most countries today. As the world adjusts itself, to the new millennium and the increasing demand for fuel and energy, governments and concerned agencies worldwide are also encouraging other developing countries to make use of this theory. Since most of them lack knowledge and technology but have an abundant supply of agro waste; introduction of the briquetting industry would be a potentially profitable project. Adoption of briquetting technology will not only create a safe and hygienic way of disposing the waste, but turn it into a cash rich venture by converting waste into energy and also contributing towards a better environment.

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